Aparato Locomotor

VOL.17 Nº2, ABRIL/JUNI0 2006

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Psychosocial and personality variables related to recurrent cervicalgia

1 Departamento de Enfermería.

2 Departamento de Psiquiatría y Psicología Social.

3 Departamento de Ciencias Sociosanitarias. Universidad de Murcia.

Llor Esteban B. 1

García Izquierdo M. 2

Luna Maldonado A. 3

Ruiz Hernández J. A. 2

Sánchez Ortuño M.ª M. 2

Sáez Navarro M.ª C.

Blasco Espinosa J. R.

Campillo Cascales M.ª J.

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present work is to evaluate the relationship between personality variables and wellness among patients diagnosed with cervicalgia. A sample of subjects with cervicalgia and on sick-leave was recruited from two sickness and accident insurance companies at the city of Murcia. About half of the sample showed not to have a well-adapted personality, with a clear “neurotic” profile. This profile was characterised by emotional instability, poor resources to cope with stress and difficulties to be adapted and involved into the work life. 61.9% of participants showed a personality structure non-efficient to achieve work success. In this way, 49.1% reported some psychological discomfort, which was often expressed in somatoform symptoms. Regarding the sick-leave length, the presence of anxious- depressive symptoms was an indicator of worse prognosis. The “neurotic” personality profile and the depressive symptoms were related to the neck pain recurrence. With relation to prevention, our results suggest that taking into account the evaluation and treatment of psychopathological aspects may be of help to minimize the number of sick-leaves, reduce their length and prevent their recurrence.

Correspondencia:

B. Llor Esteban
Universidad de Murcia
Dpto. Enfermería.
Campus Universitario de Espinardo
30100 Murcia
bllor@um.es

Este trabajo ha sido subvencionado por la FUNDACIÓN MAPFRE, a través de una beca de investigación, convocatoria 2004.

MAPFRE MEDICINA, 2006; 17: 90-103


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